SQL: Monitor Deadlock in SQL 2012 using Extended Events

http://www.sqlservercentral.com/blogs/james-sql-footprint/2012/08/12/monitor-deadlock-in-sql-2012/

Monitor Deadlock in SQL 2012 Using Extended Events

Do you still use trace flag 1204 and 1222 to monitor Deadlock? or using profile to capture deadlock? Now we are in SQL Server 2012! One of the biggest improvement of SQL 2012 is Extended Events.

Extended Events can replace SQL Profiler, and it is more powerful with less performance impact than SQL Profiler. Extended Events has been introduced in SQL Server world from SQL2008, and in SQL2012, it has been integrated into SQL Server Management Studio(SSMS), see the pic below:

Now you can use SSMS to manage your Extends Events session. By default, there are 2 session created, "AlwaysOn_health" and "system_health", and "system_health" is started when SQL Service startup. You can script the session and check the defination:
CREATE EVENT SESSION [system_health] ON SERVER
ADD EVENT sqlclr.clr_allocation_failure(
ACTION(package0.callstack,sqlserver.session_id)),
ADD EVENT sqlclr.clr_virtual_alloc_failure(
ACTION(package0.callstack,sqlserver.session_id)),
ADD EVENT sqlos.memory_broker_ring_buffer_recorded,
ADD EVENT sqlos.memory_node_oom_ring_buffer_recorded(
ACTION(package0.callstack,sqlserver.session_id,sqlserver.sql_text,sqlserver.tsql_stack)),
ADD EVENT sqlos.scheduler_monitor_deadlock_ring_buffer_recorded,
ADD EVENT sqlos.scheduler_monitor_non_yielding_iocp_ring_buffer_recorded,
ADD EVENT sqlos.scheduler_monitor_non_yielding_ring_buffer_recorded,
ADD EVENT sqlos.scheduler_monitor_non_yielding_rm_ring_buffer_recorded,
ADD EVENT sqlos.scheduler_monitor_stalled_dispatcher_ring_buffer_recorded,
ADD EVENT sqlos.scheduler_monitor_system_health_ring_buffer_recorded,
ADD EVENT sqlos.wait_info(
ACTION(package0.callstack,sqlserver.session_id,sqlserver.sql_text)
WHERE ([duration]>(15000) AND ([wait_type]>(31) AND ([wait_type]>(47) AND [wait_type]<(54) OR [wait_type]<(38) OR [wait_type]>(63) AND [wait_type]<(70) OR [wait_type]>(96) AND [wait_type]<(100) OR [wait_type]=(107) OR [wait_type]=(113) OR [wait_type]>(174) AND [wait_type]<(179) OR [wait_type]=(186) OR [wait_type]=(207) OR [wait_type]=(269) OR [wait_type]=(283) OR [wait_type]=(284)) OR [duration]>(30000) AND [wait_type]<(22)))),
ADD EVENT sqlos.wait_info_external(
ACTION(package0.callstack,sqlserver.session_id,sqlserver.sql_text)
WHERE ([duration]>(5000) AND ([wait_type]>(365) AND [wait_type]<(372) OR [wait_type]>(372) AND [wait_type]<(377) OR [wait_type]>(377) AND [wait_type]<(383) OR [wait_type]>(420) AND [wait_type]<(424) OR [wait_type]>(426) AND [wait_type]<(432) OR [wait_type]>(432) AND [wait_type]<(435) OR [duration]>(45000) AND ([wait_type]>(382) AND [wait_type]<(386) OR [wait_type]>(423) AND [wait_type]<(427) OR [wait_type]>(434) AND [wait_type]<(437) OR [wait_type]>(442) AND [wait_type]<(451) OR [wait_type]>(451) AND [wait_type]<(473) OR [wait_type]>(484) AND [wait_type]<(499) OR [wait_type]=(365) OR [wait_type]=(372) OR [wait_type]=(377) OR [wait_type]=(387) OR [wait_type]=(432) OR [wait_type]=(502))))),
ADD EVENT sqlserver.connectivity_ring_buffer_recorded(SET collect_call_stack=(1)),
ADD EVENT sqlserver.error_reported(
ACTION(package0.callstack,sqlserver.database_id,sqlserver.session_id,sqlserver.sql_text,sqlserver.tsql_stack)
WHERE ([severity]>=(20) OR ([error_number]=(17803) OR [error_number]=(701) OR [error_number]=(802) OR [error_number]=(8645) OR [error_number]=(8651) OR [error_number]=(8657) OR [error_number]=(8902)))),
ADD EVENT sqlserver.security_error_ring_buffer_recorded(SET collect_call_stack=(1)),
ADD EVENT sqlserver.sp_server_diagnostics_component_result(SET collect_data=(1)
WHERE ([sqlserver].[is_system]=(1) AND [component]<>(4))),
ADD EVENT sqlserver.xml_deadlock_report
ADD TARGET package0.event_file(SET filename=N’system_health.xel’,max_file_size=(5),max_rollover_files=(4)),
ADD TARGET package0.ring_buffer(SET max_events_limit=(5000),max_memory=(4096))
WITH (MAX_MEMORY=4096 KB,EVENT_RETENTION_MODE=ALLOW_SINGLE_EVENT_LOSS,MAX_DISPATCH_LATENCY=120 SECONDS,MAX_EVENT_SIZE=0 KB,MEMORY_PARTITION_MODE=NONE,TRACK_CAUSALITY=OFF,STARTUP_STATE=OFF)
GO

So "system_health" will monitor the deadlock event by default. let’s try the script below to generate deadlock scenario

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